UNEP Economics & Trade Branch
The Branch examines the ways in which economics, trade and finance interact with the environment at local, regional and global levels and how these linkages in turn affect development.
The Branch’s primary mission is to help countries integrate environmental considerations into development planning and macro-economic policies, including trade policies. It undertakes activities to:
- enhance understanding of the environmental, social and economic impacts of trade liberalization and the trade impacts of environmental policies and agreements;
- clarify the linkages between trade, environment and development;
- raise the awareness of policy- and decision-makers on the relationships between trade, environment and development;
- develop, and assist countries in the use and application of, assessment and incentive tools, including impact assessment, valuation, natural resource accounting and economic instruments;
- enhance the capacities of countries, particularly developing countries and countries with economies in transition, to integrate environmental considerations into macro-economic policies, including trade policies; and
- enhance synergies between MEAs and the WTO.
with the WTO, UNCTAD, Multilateral Environment Agreements (MEAs), NGOs, international organizations and national governments.
Environment and Trade: A Handbook, 2nd edition (available in Spanish and Russian, soon in French); Sustainable Trade and Poverty Reduction: New Approaches to Integrated Policy Making at the National Level (2006); Evaluation de l’impact de la libéralisation du commerce - une étude de cas sur le secteur des pêches de la République Islamique de Mauritanie (2006). A full list of publications can be found on the website